• Srilalitha

Caricatures that you may "LOVE"

Updated: Jul 25, 2020

A caricature is a rendered image showing the features of its subject in a simplified or exaggerated way through sketching, pencil strokes, or through other artistic drawings.

Caricatures can be insulting or complimentary and can serve a political purpose or be drawn solely for entertainment. Caricatures of politicians are commonly used in editorial cartoons, while caricatures of movie stars are often found in entertainment magazines.

Caricature is not about choosing one feature and making it bigger, it’s about all the features together and how they relate to one another.

History of Caricature

The word caricature comes from the Italian words "carico" and "caricare", meaning 'to load' or to 'exaggerate'. Caricatures first became a popular genre of fine art in the 16th and 17th century. In the 1590s the Italian Annibale Carracci (and his brother Agostino) applied these words to some exaggerated portrait sketches they created.

The purpose of caricature is

It's a way to distort the basic essence of a person in a still recognizable form, often to make people laugh or have some other emotional response to seeing it. Caricatures can be complimentary or insulting. They're often used in politics and/or to entertain people. Caricature is a type of visual communication which carries the message with exaggerated drawings. It is the briefest and sharpest way of stating a criticism. ... Any subject which concerns human kind can be subject of caricature. With modernism, subject has became as important as object.

Why is Caricature Effective

we store the visual attributes of a face in memory, possibly as an image or as a group of rules. Seeing the exaggerated features in a caricature seems to closely match what we have stored in memory, probably because the distinguishing features are what makes the face unique. Caricatures in literature allow for writers to overly exaggerate traits of a character in order to have an effect on the reader. Because characters often seem ridiculous due to the over exaggerations provided by the author, this usually creates a humorous mood for the reader.

Irony in the caricature

Irony is the difference between the ways things are and the way things should be, or the way things are expected to be. Cartoonists often use irony to express their opinion on an issue. When you look at a cartoon, see if you can find any irony in the situation the cartoon depicts.

How to draw a caricature

To draw a caricature of someone, start by sketching the general shape of their head on a piece of paper. Then, look at the person, and choose one or two features that immediately jump out at you, like their nose, their lips, or their eyes. Once you've chosen one or two features, exaggerate them in your drawing.

Difference between cartoon and caricature

A cartoon is a simplified illustration that has a quick, whimsical style to it. Anything can be drawn as a cartoon whether it's a person, animal or scenery. A caricature is specifically an illustration of a person drawn in an exaggerated style to play up their distinctive features. Cartoons and caricatures are now widely used in comics, newspapers and magazines. Most of the newspapers and magazines will be having a special columns for cartoon and caricatures on the politicians, famous personalities or any person who is trending in the market. There are only few people, who are able to differentiate between the cartoon and caricature, as visual comparison does not show much of a difference, but technically, caricature is difficult to draw and takes a lot of time to master. A cartoon is an imaginary character drawn, to create and imply fun. Cartoon can change or extend its boundaries till the imagination of the artist. Caricature is a cartoon created by using a person as a model and is also created for fun, but its appearance mainly depends upon the looks of the original person whose caricature is created. Caricature only is a distortion of some features of the person, so as a whole, the person still can be identified.

Here are some quick studies of the 5 shapes beneath a few caricature sketches:

The relationships differ in distance, size and angle from one another. The bigger the differences are from “classic” proportions, the more exaggerated the caricature. It’s much easier to see the differences when the details are removed and only the 5 shapes are left. It’s also much easier to create those differences at this simple, fundamental level. It’s easy to get caught up in details when the important information rests beneath the rendering.





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