- Jul 29
- 7 min read
Art fundamentals vs. visual and creative arts
Updated: Jul 30
Art is a problematically in the world can be called “art.” The main difference between art and design is simply more restrained. Any artist can look at their work will see it as an extension of them, but designers don't have that liberty.
About Art fundamentals
The fundamentals are generally universal across different mediums and styles. Learning them will help you become a well-rounded and versatile artist.
It is considered to be building blocks of an artwork. They are color, composition, value, form, brushwork, and perspective.
The Color theory which breaks color into two parts: Color theory and color mixing and application.
The color theory refers to the body of principles that address how we see color and what it is.
The theory is much easier to comprehend by breaking color into its three individual elements, being hue, saturation, and value.
Color mixing and application
It is about what we know about color and effectively translating that into our paintings.
Color mixing exercises and creating small color studies (like the ones below) are also incredibly valuable for training your use of color.
Composition broadly refers to how well all the visual elements work together in an artwork. The visual elements are the building blocks of artwork and comprise of line, shape, color, value, space, form, and texture.
A well-designed composition will be inviting and convey the big idea of the artist. Everything will just look like it fits.
Value refers to how light or dark a color is. It is one of three elements of color (the other two being hue and saturation), but it is usually considered as a separate fundamental area due to its importance to the structure and appeal of an artwork.
Painting with accurate values can go a long way in giving your art quality of realism even if it is loose.
Form and Structure
Form and structure refer to the use of visual elements to convey three-dimensional objects on a flat surface. This could be done through methods such as shading, contrast, or contour drawing.
It can be simplified down to basic forms of spheres, boxes, and cylinders. Take the seascape painting below by Frederick Judd Waugh.
Understanding the basic forms and structures which make up your subject will allow you to paint more convincing depictions. That is why many portrait artists dedicate so much time to studying human anatomy.
This manipulates the paint on the canvas can be a key feature of your artwork. Like the bold strokes in Vincent van Gogh's work, or the fleeting dabs of color in Claude Monet's work.
The general guideline I like to follow with my brushwork is to match the nature of my brushwork to the nature of the subject painting. For example, to paint rough, turbulent water, I would use rough, turbulent brushwork. For calm water, I would use calm, smooth brushwork.
Perspective in art refers to the depiction of a three-dimensional environment on a two-dimensional surface in a way that captures the relative size, position, and appearance of objects. It is made up of two parts: linear perspective and aerial (or atmospheric) perspective.
Linear perspective is used by artists to determine the relative size, position, and shape of objects by using drawn or imagined lines which converge at a point on the horizon (vanishing point). When one vanishing point is used, that is called a one-point perspective. When two vanishing points are used, that is called a two-point perspective.
Aerial (or Atmospheric) Perspective
Aerial perspective is the effect of the atmosphere on the view of objects as they recede into the distance. As an object recedes into the distance relative to the viewer, the contrast, value (darkness), color saturation, and detail all fade.
When beginner painters ask me to critique one of their paintings, one of the common problems is the distant elements of the painting (i.e. the distant mountains in a landscape) are painted with the same level of detail and color as the rest of the painting. This gives an unnatural aerial perspective.
About creative and visual art
Creative Arts is an expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power. A creative arts degree gives you knowledge of contemporary arts, art theory, and history.
About Creative Art
It refers to participation in a range of activities that allow for creative and imaginative expression, such as music, art, creative movement, and drama. The creative arts engage children's minds, bodies, and senses. The creative arts provide ways for young children to learn and use skills in other domains.
Types of Creative Art
About visual art
The visual arts are art forms that create works that are primarily visual in nature, such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, film making, and architecture.
Types of Visual Arts
The visual arts include mediums such as drawing, painting, sculpture, architecture, photography, film, and printmaking. Many of these pieces of art are created to stimulate us through a visual experience. When we look at them, they often provoke a feeling of some sort.
Within the visual arts is a category known as the decorative arts, or craft. This is an art that is more utilitarian and has a function but retains an artistic style and still requires talent to create. The decorative arts include ceramics, furniture making, textiles, interior design, jewelry making, metal crafting, and woodworking.
About Art Fundamentals used in Animation:
Art Fundamentals is a perceptive Studies
Art Fundamentals is a Style Development
Art Fundamentals Anatomy Studies
Art fundamentals are Paintings in value
How creative art is used in Animation
Animation in creative arts is used to create a wider sense of imagination from the artist’s perspective. Artists like to do this because they create new ideas and artwork. This is because the animation used in films like this is to create the effect of real-life human movement
A character designer (or character artist) creates the entire concept, style, and artwork of a character from scratch. This often includes a deep look into the character’s personality to develop a visual idea of the character’s physical features.
The character design process starts with a briefing of the character. The character could be a mutant turtle with ninja-like abilities or just some person who lives a simple workaday lifestyle.
There’s often a series of suggested traits be they physical or emotional, and the character designer uses those notes to start thumbnailing ideas Rough thumbnails help to flesh out the many directions that the designer could take.
Once the artist chooses one (or a couple) thumbnail styles they’ll often paint more details and bring those thumbnails to life. This can include trying different clothes, different hairstyles, facial styles, and maybe different weapons or props if applicable.
The idea of character design is to go on a creative into the unknown, and from that abyss pull out the best design that matches the character description.
Many artists who have created their own webcomics designed the characters for them. same goes for illustrators with their own books and the same for lone animators or game designers.
This is a task that you can practice on your own and quickly develop if you keep pushing yourself with challenging new character ideas.
There is a tremendous demand for great character artists in every face of entertainment.
Movies, TV shows, video games, every piece of entertainment needs great characters. And those characters don’t just appear from thin air.
The best way to start practicing character design is to draw a lot of people. This helps build a visual library of references like clothing, accessories, hairstyles, glasses, shoes, and similar features that you can put into your work.
But character designing also goes far beyond people. Think of a show like Adventure Time where characters often look pretty “out there”. It takes a special kind of artist with an imaginative mind to design characters that break the mold.
Working with visual arts is used in Animation
They use Animation, illustration, drawing, and design skills to create visuals that convey ideas about how they envision the look of the piece. Visual development artists typically work in 2D or 3D and they use programs such as Photoshop and Maya.
The work done by a visual development artist closely relates to a concept artist, but it usually applies to animated movies and TV shows.
Visual development artists create the mood, tone, and color palette of every piece for an animated movie. This can include environments, characters, clothing, props, you name it. The job is very demanding but also offers incredible freedom in actually designing an imaginary world from scratch.
Visual development artists work to create a world with characters that are appropriate to the storyline. Their job is to set the tone for various scenes, settings, landscapes, buildings, and almost everything else.
Once a movie is in motion the artist works to build a visual world that best aligns with the intended vision of the production. Ideas come down from producers and writers who go to the creative director, art director, and the team.
Many artists work with a combination of 2D and 3D programs, but it also greatly depends on the production. Even if a movie is being animated in 3D the art director might prefer work to be in 2D.
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